What to Feed Pregnant Rabbits

What to Feed Pregnant Rabbits

If you have a pregnant rabbit, it is important to provide her with a well-balanced diet to ensure the health and well-being of both the mother and her unborn kits. Here are some guidelines on what to feed pregnant rabbits to keep them healthy and thriving.

1. Hay: Hay should make up the majority of a pregnant rabbit’s diet. It provides essential fiber that aids in digestion and prevents gastrointestinal issues. Timothy hay is the most common choice, but other grass hays like orchard grass or meadow hay can also be given.

2. Fresh Vegetables: Pregnant rabbits should have a variety of fresh vegetables daily. Leafy greens like kale, spinach, and romaine lettuce are excellent choices. However, avoid giving them too much cabbage or lettuce, as it may cause gas and diarrhea.

3. Pellets: High-quality rabbit pellets should be given in moderation. Look for pellets specifically formulated for pregnant or nursing rabbits. Pellets provide essential nutrients and vitamins that support the health of both the mother and her kits. However, overfeeding pellets can lead to obesity, so feed them in limited quantities.

4. Fresh Water: A pregnant rabbit needs a constant supply of fresh water. Ensure that the water is clean and changed regularly to avoid contamination.

5. Treats: Treats should be given sparingly, as they can be high in sugar and lead to weight gain. Small pieces of fruits like apples or berries can be offered occasionally as a treat.

6. Calcium Supplements: Providing a calcium supplement to a pregnant rabbit can help prevent calcium deficiency, which can lead to serious health issues. Consult with a veterinarian for the appropriate dosage and schedule.

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7. Limit Stress: Pregnant rabbits are sensitive to stress, which can affect their health and the development of the kits. Provide a calm and quiet environment, away from loud noises or sudden disturbances.


1. Can a pregnant rabbit eat carrots? Yes, carrots can be given as a treat in small quantities.

2. Should I change my pregnant rabbit’s diet? Gradual changes to the diet are recommended to avoid digestive issues. Introduce new foods slowly.

3. Can a pregnant rabbit eat fruits? Fruits should be given sparingly due to their high sugar content.

4. How many times a day should I feed my pregnant rabbit? Provide fresh food and hay twice a day, ensuring a constant supply of hay.

5. Can a pregnant rabbit eat lettuce? Limited amounts of lettuce are fine, but avoid iceberg lettuce as it has little nutritional value.

6. When should I start giving pellets to a pregnant rabbit? Pellets can be introduced gradually after the first trimester.

7. Can a pregnant rabbit eat broccoli? Broccoli is safe for pregnant rabbits but should be given in small quantities due to its gas-inducing properties.

Remember, each rabbit is unique, so consult with a veterinarian for personalized advice on what to feed your pregnant rabbit based on her specific needs and health conditions.